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August 10, 2020   |   Newsletter
The History of Cumberland Island
Cumberland Island is Georgia’s largest barrier island and one of the most spectacular natural habitats in the country. The Cumberland Island website described it as follows:

“The greatest and most lasting value of the Island is its ability to change us. It is a place of transformation. It is this intangible feature that seems to be the most important benefit which Cumberland Island has for its guests. This spiritual quality is what, year after year, its visitors, residents, and Park Service employees seem to believe is its most important contribution to our people.”

Sand Hills, Cumberland Island Beach
Cumberland Island has a rich and varied link to the Island’s complex natural habitat. Humans being have used its natural resources for survival, to create art, or simply taken solace in its awesome beauty for centuries.   Aboriginal people lived in the coastal region of what we call Georgia as early as 2000 B.C. and enjoyed its diverse and delectable food sources, including oysters, crabs, fish, deer, and bear.
Plum Orchard
The earliest records of Cumberland Island starts with the early Spanish missions in the 16th century.  James Edward Oglethorpe laid out two forts in the 1730’s, one on each end of the Island. Once slavery was allowed on its shores in the 1750’s, aspiring planters came to the Island. After the American Revolution, prestigious families, like Nathaniel Greene, became interested in Cumberland’s natural resources; the first mansion was built on the site we now know as Dungeness.
Half Moon Bluff
Early in the 19th century, the British were present at Cumberland and there are detailed descriptions of Robert Stafford’s plantation as it existed between 1815 and 1870. The Civil War had a profound effect on the Island’s history, and Reconstruction saw both freed slaves and speculators  trying to survive after the devastation and chaos the war had caused.
The Emmeline – mode of transport to Cumberland Island
In the early 1880s, Thomas Morrison Carnegie and his wife, Lucy Coleman Carnegie, came to the Island and established a presence, which exists till today.  In the 1960s the human population began to diversify somewhat as the land started to leave the exclusive holdings of individual families, and the evolution of the National Seashore began.
Picture of Lucy Carnegie
– all photos courtesy of
Click here for more information on the Cumberland Island Conservancy
Cumberland Island is approximately 18 miles long and between one-half and 3 miles wide—or about 40 square miles.

Various Parts of the Island

Although many believe that Cumberland Island has the most beautiful undeveloped beaches on the East Coast, it is not considered your usual trip to the beach.  Cumberland Island is rich in natural beauty, architecture and history.   Where the eastern edge of Cumberland is bounded by the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean, the north, west, and south are bounded by rivers, sounds, and marshes. An unforgettable view is to watch a sunset across the western marsh. This sight alone draws visitors back time and time again.  Spend a night if you can to see this awesome spectacle. The marshes are abundant fertile areas of the ecosystem where much of the food chain begins. Georgia, and especially Cumberland, is blessed with thousands of acres of marshland teeming with wildlife, from tiny organisms to fish shrimp, and even alligators.


Cumberland Island did not just become a National Seashore overnight. The Island was, and remains, the home of many people. Many of them are the people who worked to make Cumberland Island available as the Cumberland Island National Seashore. Today, Cumberland Island has over three dozen dwellings which are used by owners and guests. The owners of Cumberland build their homes in clusters, or compounds, so that large amounts of land are left undisturbed. The various family owners have their compounds mostly facing the marsh area. Many are the descendants of the original Candler and Carnegie owners of the Island.

click here for more info on the Cumberland Island National Seashore Ferry
Property of the Week!
The Blue Goose was once a cafe and wine bar and residents still call it by that name.  It was originally built in 1821 and has beautiful wide plank floors in parts of the building.  It is zoned commercial, but can be utilized for a restaurant, cafe, live/work space, a vintage home, or professional offices.  The possibilities are endless!
This property is located in the historic district of downtown St. Marys, GA, one block to the riverfront.
The building houses three bedrooms, two and one-half baths and has a total of 2,100 square feet.
Great built-ins with plenty of space if this were to become an antique store or small boutique.
Large commercial kitchen for someone interested in opening a restaurant
There is plenty of outdoor space if this were to become a restaurant, cafe, or wine bar.
If you are interested in this historic property, please call us at the number below to schedule a tour.
Recipe of the Week
Everyone loves pancakes for breakfast–unless you’re the one stuck at the stovetop flipping batch after batch. This ingenious big-batch pancake recipe allows you to feed your whole crowd without any flipping whatsoever. Our Sheet Pan Berry Pancakes bake in the oven on—you guessed it—a single sheet pan. Once you slice them into squares for serving, you’ll find that these pancakes are just as tender and buttery as ones that are made in a skillet. This recipe adds sliced strawberries to the batter, but you can omit them for plain buttermilk pancakes, or choose another fresh fruit, such as blueberries, peaches, or bananas. Best of all, they reheat beautifully when frozen, making breakfast a breeze. To freeze, cool the pancake squares completely. Wrap each one individually in plastic wrap; place in a large Ziplock freezer bag. Freeze up to two months. To reheat, remove a pancake from bag, unwrap, place on a microwave-safe plate, and heat on HIGH for 30 to 45 seconds or until hot throughout.

Recipe courtesy of
Picture by  PAM LOLLEY

Sheet Pan Berry Pancakes with Honey-Butter Syrup

20 mins
45 mins
Serves 8


Ingredient Checklist

  • 1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1 1/4 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 2 cups whole buttermilk
  • 2 large eggs
  • 3/4 teaspoon vanilla extract, divided
  • 10 tablespoons butter, melted, divided
  • 1 1/2 cups sliced fresh strawberries (from 1 qt.)
  • 1/2 cup honey


Instructions Checklist

  • Step 1Preheat oven to 350°F. Stir together flour, sugar, baking powder, salt, and baking soda in a large bowl. Whisk together buttermilk, eggs, and 1/2 teaspoon of the vanilla in a medium bowl. Gradually stir buttermilk mixture into flour mixture. Gently stir in 1/4 cup of the melted butter. (Do not overmix; batter will be lumpy.)
  • Step 2Pour batter into a lightly greased (with cooking spray) 15- x 10-inch rimmed baking sheet. Bake in preheated oven 7 minutes; sprinkle evenly with strawberries. Continue baking until golden brown and a wooden pick inserted into thickest part comes out clean, 15 to 18 more minutes.
  • Step 3While pancakes bake, stir together honey and remaining 6 tablespoons melted butter and 1/4 teaspoon vanilla in a small saucepan over medium-low; cook until warm, about 1 minute. Slice pancake into 16 squares, and serve with warm syrup.

Chef’s Notes


  • Semisweet chocolate chips, cinnamon, and slivered almonds
  • Blueberries and peach preserves
  • Raspberries, lemon zest, and powdered sugar
  • Thinly sliced apples, apple pie spice, and chopped pecans
© Copyright 2020 All rights reserved. Printed from 08/06/2020
Cumberland Harbour offers homesites on deep water, marsh front, lake views, nature and our cottages at Park Place.  We also offer assistance with home and design plans as well as access to our Signature Builders.
Click here for more information on Cumberland Harbour
Call, click above or email us today to schedule a tour of
Cumberland Harbour!
We look forward to serving you a tall glass of sweet tea!
Cumberland Harbour
Atlantic Salt Realty
108 West Saint Marys Street
St. Marys, GA 31558
Serving St. Marys, Amelia Island, St. Simons & Sea Island
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